What does it look like? The Mediterranean buckthorn (Rhamnus alaternus L.) is a shrub of the Rhamnaceae family. Management Information. John Rawlings, ca. Systematics â From the systematic point of view it belongs to the Eukaryota Domain, United Plantae, Magnoliophyta Division, Magnoliopsida Class, Rhamnales Order, Rhamnaceae Family and therefore to the Genus Rhamnus and to the R. alaternus Species. Prefers moderate watering but will tolerate drought once established. Rhamnus alaternus is commonly used in reforestation programs in the Mediterranean, due to its fecundity and ability to survive in xeric environments (Gulias et al. Rhamnus alaternus is an evergreen dioecious tree that grows up to 10 metres in height. Rhamnaceae (buckthorn) Also known as. Coastal, Drought Tolerant, Low Maintenance, Foliage only. The main branches are erect to upsweeping, lined by virtual brushes of branchlets. Grows in most soils in sun or partial shade. Rhamnus alaternus has been described as a predominantly entomophilous species. Rhamnus alaternus. There are several varieties including a varigated leaf form. speciees ha â¦ Some records include: 2 years - 8 feet; 20 years - 20 x 17 feet; largest on record - 47 x 27 feet with a trunk diameter of 1.3 feet. The best species for gardens are: R. alaternus, as a dense evergreen; R. fallax and R. imeretina, for fine foliage; R. pumila and R. rupestris, as dwarf shrubs; and R. purshiana, for its medicinal interest and as a handsome tree. The Global Invasive Species Database contains invasive species information supplied by experts on biological invasion from around the world. Erect shrub or tree, 1-6 m high. This is a vigorous evergreen shrub, easily trained as a small tree, growing 10-20 feet tall. It requires mostly sun in moderately moist soil and delivers a â¦ Geographic subdivisions for Rhamnus alaternus: CCo (Monterey Co.), SnFrB, SCo (Newport Back Bay), expected elsewhere : MAP CONTROLS 1. Cultivation. Commonly used as effective screening or property lining. Statistics. org/ articles/ rhamnus/ rhamnus-alaternus/). Plants by mail order since 1984, over 4100 plants online today! Rhamnus alaternus âArgenteovariegataâ is a variegated cultivar with silver-green leaves edged with cream. Rhamnus alaternus is an evergreen Shrub growing to 5 m (16ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. Rhamnus alaternus John Edwards is a fast-growing, vertical, broadleaf, evergreen shrub with attractive 1.5â³ glossy green leaves. Often used as cut foliage- especially around the holidays as â¦ The Plant List includes 549 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Rhamnus.Of these 101 are accepted species names. It has glossy green, leathery, oval-shaped leaves that often have serrated or â¦ The Plant List includes a further 108 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Rhamnus.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Join now. Rhamnus, evergreen buckthorn, Italian buckthorn. Rhamnus alaternus (Rhamnaceae) is a small tree located mainly in the north of Tunisia, where it is known as âOud El-Khir.â It has traditionally been used as a diuretic, laxative, hypotensive drug and for the treatment of diabetes, hepatic, and dermatologic complications [ 1 , 2 ]. â¢ Background and Aims Rhamnus alaternus is a Mediterranean shrub commonly used in reforestation programs. The Italian buckthorn (Rhamnus alaternus) may be used as a background plant, as a hedge or screen, as a topiary subject or patio tree, on slopes for erosion control, as a fire-retardant species and to attract wildlife. Search tags Shrubs and trees. Mediterranean region. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. Family Rhamnaceae Name Status Synonym Get involved. Itâs a great solution for a vertical evergreen screen that doesnât require a lot of room at the base. Along rivers & creeks, flats. As a low care hedge, it is very useful in low water/poor soil situations. The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. Its stout stems have dark brown, thick, furrowed bark when old, but on younger plants it is pale (often purplish) and thin. It is in leaf all year, in flower in April, and the seeds ripen from September to October. Where is it originally from? The concern with Rhamnus alaternus is that it is a widely used plant that seems to have overcome the reproductive invasion barrier of being dioecious (having male and female plants) to establish itself in multiple locations in the San Francisco Bay area over the past 3 to 4 years. One of the finest variegated evergreen shrubs. Physical: Rhamnus alaternus can be controlled physically by pulling out the smaller plants and seedlings - making sure the tap root is removed. Evergreen - ovate to oblong, leathery, glossy leaves to 7cm (3in) long.Height - 5m (16ft) Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Although several aspects of its reproductive biology have been studied, little is known about the importance of the different recruitment stages in the overall regeneration process of this species, which limits its proper use in Mediterranean forests and shrubland management. Italian Buckthorn facts Name â Rhamnus alternus Family â Rhamnaceae Type â shrub Height â 10 to 16 feet (3 to 5 meters) Exposure â full sun, part sun Soil â ordinary Foliage â evergreen Flowering â March to May Planting Italian Buckthorn Plant in spring preferably. Also known as: Italian Buckthorn Family: ... stems of evergreen buckthorn are purplish red and hairy as opposed to the green and hairless stems of Japanese spindle tree. RPMS status. Text, images and maps give biological, ecological and geographical information. Rhamnus alaternus Italian Buckthorn. This is a vigorous evergreen shrub, easily trained as a small tree, growing 10-20 feet tall. California county polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box. Rhamnus alaternus was introduced as an ornamental to many areas outside its native range in the 1900's. Suggested uses. Family. Accessed 2020-08-24. Evergreen, often multistemmed, shrub or tree (<2-3m tall, occasionally <15 m) with hairy, angular, purplish shoots. Rhamnus alaternus 'Argenteovariegata' (Italian buckthorn 'Argenteovariegata') will reach a height of 4m and a spread of 4m after 20-50 years. Tane 36: 57-66 (1997) RHAMNUS ALATERNUS - ENVIRONMENTAL WEED ON MOTUTAPU AND RANGITOTO ISLANDS AUCKLAN, D Mairie L. Fromont CI-School of Environmental and Marin Sciencese Tamak, i Campus Universit, of Aucklandy , Private Bag 92019, Auckland SUMMARY Rhamnus (Rhamnus alaternus) is an environmental weed on the Inner Hauraki Gulf Islands Auckland, Th. Aronne and Wilcock (1995) have reported that pollen availability limits fruit set in populations in southern Italy, although Guitián (1995) found this not to be the case in northâwestern Spain. Recommended citation 'Rhamnus alaternus' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline. If you like variegated shrubs this is the one for you. The Italian buckthorn is native to the maquis of southern Europe. Species range from micro-organisms and invertebrates to fish, birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals and plants. 2. The gender of Rhamnus is a matter for dispute. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database. Rhamnus alaternus 'Variegata' Join the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9. green, Jun to Nov. Sandy & loamy soils. Oval, dark green leaves with small black berries. Fast growing and takes well to shaping or shearing. The finely pointed leaves of this fast growing large drought adapted shrub are boldly edged in cream with a deep green center. Tiny flowers turn into small bright red berries. Evergreen shrub. It has often escaped from cultivation and, because of its ability to form dense stands that eventually exclude all other types of vegetation, has become an invasive tree â¦ . Rhamnus alaternus leaf, showing secondary veins festooned (looped together at their ends). Rhamnus alaternus ( Italian Buckthorn ) A fast growing, thornless, upright, open, evergreen shrub to small tree, native to the Mediterranean and Black Sea regions. The vegetation can then be composted or mulched. Brief Description Grazyna Paczkowska, Thursday 12 September 1996. The stems have reddish bark and pubescent young branches, rounded and compact foliage with alternating leaves, 2â6 centimetres (0.79â2.36 in) long, sometimes nearly opposite, oval or lanceolate, leathery, shiny green, yellowish-green underneath. Rhamnus alaternus. Fl. Botanical Name: Rhamnus alaternus; Common Name: Italian Buckthorn Description. Rhamnus alaternus. 2004 - Global Invasive Species Database). You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. Rhamnus alaternus âArgenteovariegataâ isnât reliably hardy so should not be planted in very cold, exposed locations. Rhamnus alaternus is an evergreen shrub 1â5 metres (3 ft 3 inâ16 ft 5 in) high. Because this Rhamnus tops out at 20 feet, it is a good choice under power lines. Accessed 2020-08-24. The Royal Horticultural Society is the UKâs leading gardening charity. In late spring and early summer, small, fragrant, golden flowers are produced followed by glossy red berries in autumn. Rhamnus Alaternus 'Argenteovariegata' from Burncoose Nurseries available online to buy - Information: leaves green and marbled grey with an irregular creamy-white margin. Its upright columnar form makes it good for narrow planting areas like near walkways. 3. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). The main branches are erect to upsweeping, lined by virtual brushes of branchlets.
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