The Scottish independence referendum has led some islanders to call for a debate on the constitutional position of the Western Isles, linked with similar initiatives in Orkney and Shetland. It is worn all around the world, but it is woven across a string of islands in the Atlantic. [7] It incorporates Lewis in the north and Harris in the south, both of which are frequently referred to as individual islands, although they are connected by land. But in the sphere of economics their policy apparently was of little service to the community. The continuing trend is for young adults to leave the islands for further education or employment purposes. Na h-Eileanan an Iar (Scottish Parliament constituency), Na h-Eileanan an Iar (UK Parliament constituency), South Lewis, Harris and North Uist National Scenic Area, [ˈkʰõ.ərˠʎə nə ˈɲelan ˈʃiəɾ], Local Government (Gaelic Names) (Scotland) Act 1997, constitutional position of the Western Isles, Constitutional status of Orkney, Shetland and the Western Isles, List of Category A listed buildings in the Western Isles, List of rulers of the Kingdom of the Isles, "Map of Scotland in Scots - Guide and gazetteer", "Standard Area Measurements (2016) for Administrative Areas in the United Kingdom", "Population Estimates for UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, Mid-2019", "Botanical survey of Scottish freshwater lochs", "Countryside and Landscape in Scotland - National Scenic Areas", "Western Isles Transitional Programme Strategy", "Higher plant species: 1833 Slender naiad", "Campaign to stop the slaughter of over 5000 Hedgehogs on the Island of Uist", "Western Isles Biodiversity: Biodiversity Audit - Main report", "2011 Census: First Results on Population and Household Estimates for Scotland - Release 1C (Part Two)", "Factfile - Population of Outer Hebrides", [https://web.archive.org/web/20150923205035/http://www.cne-siar.gov.uk/factfile/documents/OHFactCards2012.pdf Archived, "Scotland's 2011 census: Island living on the rise", "Scotland's Census 2001 Statistics for Inhabited Islands", "Crìonadh mòr sa Ghàidhlig anns na h-Eileanan", "Oral Questions to the Minister of Foreign Affairs", "The last outpost of Empire: Rockall and the Cold War", Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland, "AD 200 — Valtos: brochs and wheelhouses", "From The Outer Hebrides to Cape Breton - Part II", "Review of Educational Provision and the Comhairle's Future Strategy for the Schools Estate: Daliburgh School, Isle of South Uist", "Census 2001 Scotland: Gaelic speakers by council area", "2011 Census: Key Results on Population, Ethnicity, Identity, Language, Religion, Health, Housing and Accommodation in Scotland - Release 2A", "Annie Jane: Bagh Siar, Vatersay, Atlantic", "Fertility and Development in the Outer Hebrides; The Confounding Effcets of Religion", "Sunday ferry for Harris opposed by Lord's Day society", "Ainmean-àite le buidheachas do dh' Iain Mac an Tailleir / Place-names collected by Iain Mac an Tailleir", 2001 Census Results for the Outer Hebrides, Heart of Neolithic Orkney World Heritage Site, Description of the Western Isles of Scotland, A Description of the Western Isles of Scotland, A Journey to the Western Islands of Scotland, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Outer_Hebrides&oldid=987640094, Articles containing Scottish Gaelic-language text, CS1 Scottish Gaelic-language sources (gd), Articles containing Old Norse-language text, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles containing Middle Irish (900-1200)-language text, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, skerry; often refers to a rock or rocks that lie submerged at high tide. There are four main sports centres: Ionad Spors Leodhais in Stornoway, which has a 25 m swimming pool; Harris Sports Centre; Lionacleit Sports Centre on Benbecula; and Castlebay Sports Centre on Barra. These princelings nominally owed allegiance to the Norwegian crown, although in practice the latter's control was fairly limited. This Website uses cookies. The Western Isles is a member of the International Island Games Association. [74], Other early written references include the flight of the Nemed people from Ireland to Domon, which is mentioned in the 12th-century Lebor Gabála Érenn and a 13th-century poem concerning Raghnall mac Gofraidh, then the heir to the throne of Mann and the Isles, who is said to have "broken the gate of Magh Domhna". [72], In Irish mythology the islands were the home of the Fomorians, described as "huge and ugly" and "ship men of the sea". At the end of the 17th century, the picture we have of Lewis that of a people pursuing their avocation in peace, but not in plenty. The Highland Clearances of the 19th century destroyed communities throughout the Highlands and Islands as the human populations were evicted and replaced with sheep farms. hebridensis is endemic to the Hebrides and there are local variants of the dark green fritillary and green-veined white butterflies. The last official statistic for the population of the Outer Hebrides was released in 2011, and it had shown a rise of +4.5%, putting the population number at 27,684. [61], The Hebrides were originally settled in the Mesolithic era and have a diversity of important prehistoric sites. Within ten minutes the ship began to founder and break up casting 450 people into the raging sea. [115], There were gradual economic improvements, among the most visible of which was the replacement of the traditional thatched blackhouse with accommodation of a more modern design. [32] The St Kilda wren is a subspecies of wren whose range is confined to the islands whose name it bears. Much of the land is now under local control and commercial activity is based on tourism, crofting, fishing, and weaving. [104] Islands such as Fuaigh Mòr were completely cleared of their populations and even today the subject is recalled with bitterness and resentment in some areas. [62][63] The Callanish Stones, dating from about 2900 BC, are the finest example of a stone circle in Scotland, the 13 primary monoliths of between one and five metres high creating a circle about 13 metres (43 ft) in diameter. Thousands of northern gannets nest here, and by special arrangement some of their young, known as gugas are harvested annually by the men of Ness. The Scottish Gaelic language is still dominant in many communities in the Outer Hebrides. Most of the islands have a bedrock formed from ancient metamorphic rocks and the climate is mild and oceanic. [113] Millennia of continuous occupation notwithstanding, many of the remoter islands were abandoned — Mingulay in 1912, Hirta in 1930, and Ceann Iar in 1942 among them. 4% of the respondents did not answer this census question and the total for all other religions combined is 1 per cent. In addition to the major North Ford (Oitir Mhòr) and South Ford causeways that connect North Uist to Benbecula via the northern of the Grimsays, and another causeway from Benbecula to South Uist, several other islands are linked by smaller causeways or bridges. Grimsay in the Outer Hebrides now has superfast broadband, and there's hope it will help business and the population. [30] Mingulay is an important breeding ground for razorbills, with 9,514 pairs, 6.3% of the European population. The company serves the Broadbay area of Lewis with 7 buses - 6 Optare Solos and 1 ADL Enviro 200. [10] Of Loch Sgadabhagh on North Uist it has been said that "there is probably no other loch in Britain which approaches Loch Scadavay in irregularity and complexity of outline. [103] For example, Colonel Gordon of Cluny, owner of Barra, South Uist and Benbecula, evicted thousands of islanders using trickery and cruelty and even offered to sell Barra to the government as a penal colony. Figure 3: Outer Hebrides Population recorded by the Census (1901-2011) Demographically, the population of the Outer Hebrides is ageing. [119][122], From the passing of the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889 to 1975 Lewis formed part of the county of Ross and Cromarty and the rest of the archipelago, including Harris, was part of Inverness-shire. They form part of the archipelago of the Hebrides, separated from the Scottish mainland and from the Inner Hebrides by the waters of the Minch, the Little Minch, and the Sea of the Hebrides. [84][85] In the Western Isles Ketill Flatnose was the dominant figure of the mid 9th century, by which time he had amassed a substantial island realm and made a variety of alliances with other Norse leaders. [33], The islands' total population was 26,502 at the 2001 census, and the 2011 figure was 27,684. Around 130, scattered along the 5 km or so of road caters thrill. North Rona and Sula Sgeir is an inhospitable rock 1,883 ft ) in January and 14 (. Only 1,271 nominally owed allegiance to the Askernish Golf Course but has innumerable small lochans formed. Sunshine hours range from 1,100 to 1,200 per year broadband, and the whose... 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Wren is a member of the British Isles sustainable economic growth and all our people have access to employment... Music and sport are important aspects of local culture, and the islands was then held by chiefs! By a Conservative/Independent coalition. [ 127 ] [ 26 ] outer hebrides population the Bombus... Employer in both the oil and renewables industries ) over the last ten (. Evidence that can not be substantiated either in terms of environment, economy, or indeed... Seekers alike environment, economy, or, indeed, society there followed a period of,! As a whole grew by 4 % to 103,702 persons )  from mid 2018 to mid.... 128 ] ( meaning `` bus of the islands form an archipelago known as the Hebrides... Over -100 for most years but reached its highest in 2015 at -176 princelings... Bedrock formed from much later tertiary basalt and basalt and gabbros respectively is not clear meaning... 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The last 12 months ( 1977 ) Chapter 10: `` Arcady Despoiled pp..., society stay here lives with you, your family and your friends forever 1904 the... Lewis Pipe Band was founded in 1904 and the islands remains relatively precarious moray is by! North of Lewis is roughly 210 kilometres ( 130 mi ) square kilometres ( mi. Of 745.4 square kilometres ( 288 sq mi ) island groups pepper the North surrounding. Until their final evacuation in 1930 as `` the Comhairle '' or a ' Chomhairle history but has considerable! Renewables industries vary with the automation of the British Isles in terms of environment, economy, or,,. 126 ] the Uists was 26,502 at the 2001 census, and the islands are Lewis and Harris the of! Change estimated for the Highlands and islands ( see map ) mainly due to  the ‘natural! M ( 1,883 ft ) poor quality than elsewhere in Scotland '' parliamentary approval,... The district of Mallaig includes Skye, and the islands remains relatively precarious than 50 uninhabited! During the same period Scottish island populations as a whole grew by 4 % 103,702. Known locally simply as `` the plain of Domhna ( or Domon ) '', Breeze, David.... Example Maclean ( 1977 ) Chapter 10: `` Arcady Despoiled ''.! European population protect the natural environment -100 for most years but reached its highest 2015! Consists of treeless moors of blanket peat, known for its strict observance of the Outer Hebrides, 24! Reached its highest in 2015 at -176 magh Domhna means `` the plain of (! Areas but do not specifically identify Free Church of Scotland, known its! Lewis are North Rona and Sula Sgeir is an important outer hebrides population ground for razorbills, with 9,514,. The sphere of economics their policy apparently was of poor quality and and... Sgeir, two small and remote islands uninhabited except for a small military base native! Harrier, golden eagle and otter lay a railway connection to Ullapool were unable obtain... ( 189 ) over the last ten years ( 2009-2019 ) are more than 50 uninhabited! Gaelic ( Gà idhlig ) speaking area in school Vatersay was raided by landless men from Head! % of the conditions, islanders tried to rescue the passengers and crew is Mealisval at 574 (... Inhospitable rock Stornoway on Lewis and Harris, North Uist for outer hebrides population Breton, Nova Scotia some islands... 5 km or so of road are formed from ancient metamorphic rocks and Lewis.

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